Thumb Arthritis

What Is Thumb Arthritis?

Defeating Thumb Arthritis: Regain Freedom of Movement

Thumb arthritis, also known as basal joint arthritis, inflicts discomfort, stiffness, and inflammation upon the thumb’s carpometacarpal joint. When the protective cartilage cushioning this joint wears away, the bones within the thumb clash, leading to pain, swelling, diminished strength, and restricted mobility. Mundane tasks like turning doorknobs, opening jars, or grasping objects become arduous challenges.

Cracking the Code of Thumb Arthritis

While the exact triggers of thumb arthritis remain elusive, previous injuries or fractures to the carpometacarpal joint elevate the risk. The thumb’s frequent utility also renders it more susceptible to arthritis. This condition exhibits a penchant for women over men, with most cases manifesting after the age of 40. Some studies suggest a genetic predisposition.

Detecting the Thumb Arthritis Enemy

In healthy joints, cartilage facilitates smooth bone movement. In arthritic scenarios, deteriorated cartilage allows bone-on-bone contact, causing friction and pain. Thumb arthritis manifests as base-of-thumb pain during gripping, pinching, or applying force, and may even disrupt sleep or idle moments. Additional symptoms encompass:

  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • Reduced strength
  • Limited range of motion
  • Visible joint changes

Thumb Arthritis Combat Strategies

Effective thumb arthritis management hinges on a multi-pronged approach. Supportive splints may restrict joint movement, aiding recovery. Pain management tactics encompass:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Acetaminophen
  • Prescription pain relievers
  • Corticosteroid injections

Physical therapy exercises can benefit certain patients. Severe cases necessitate surgical interventions, such as arthroscopy to repair or debride damaged tissue, or arthroplasty for joint fusion, repositioning, or replacement.

At City Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, we empower patients in their battle against thumb arthritis, tailoring treatments to individual needs. Contact us to embark on your journey to restored thumb functionality and relief from pain.

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